Violence has a particular effect on youth and other marginalized groups in Nigeria. Election violence has always resulted in the loss of lives, properties, and livelihood. Youth are frequently mobilized by politicians to commit acts of violence, while some data from the 2011 post-election violence indicates that young women in the National Youth Service Corps were disproportionately singled out as victims of sexual assault or harassment. With current level of insecurity and unemployment in the country, all efforts must be made to reduce the potential for election related violence – especially in violence prone areas -before, during and after national and state elections.
Electoral violence is “any act or series of acts that causes, or is likely to cause, harm to an individual or group of people, or damage to property, if the acts are intended to influence electoral choices or outcomes.” Electoral violence occurs before, during and after elections – throughout the electoral cycle. During these periods, there are lots of threat factors that if not checked could lead to violence in elections;
Electoral violence is any act or series of acts that causes, or is likely to cause, harm to an individual or group of people, or damage to property, if the acts are intended to influence electoral choices or outcomes.
Election risk factors
- Internal crisis within political parties
- The participation armed state actors such as militancy, insurgency or cultism in elections
- Hate speeches and inflammatory statements from politicians and electoral stakeholders
- Multi-party campaigns at same venue
- Irregularities in voter registration
- Purchase of PVCs and vote buying
- Creation of new polling units and voting Centres in some areas
- Machine malfunction and irregularities on the voters register
- Voter intimidation & rumors
- Delay in arrival of Election materials
- Campaigning near the polling unit
- Problem with rejected ballots.
- Problem with tabulation of results
- Polling Agents interfere with the voting process or not informed of their role
- Protests and rejection of results
- Delay in announcement
- Dispute over election results and Partisan judiciary